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I have written a 6 page double spaced essay it needs to be edited and I need it to be 10 double spaced pages.
In your prospectus, simply identify the prompt you will be answering, propose a research question, present a case-study, provide some background on the case-study, and list 4-6 potential sources for your paper (in the form of a works cited or bibliography at the end of the assignment). Of the sources, 2 of them must be peer-reviewed academic journal articles. Explain and analyze the causes of a specific international crisis and/or interstate war. Another way to approach this prompt is to select a topic where you attempt to explain a specific country?s decision to enter a conflict.

Prompt1: Explain and analyze the causes of a specific international crisis and/or interstate war. Another way to approach this prompt is to select a topic where you attempt to explain a specific
country?s decision to enter a conflict.

Revision needs to include the following edits:
Add the Research question 1-2 paragraphs something relating to

?Why did we have first Indo Pakistani war?

-add even later conflicts of indo Pakistani war

-use realism or constructivism based on conflict of identities instead of traditionalism

-Also look at later Pakistani wars and add that information in the prospectusLybah Nawaz
Professor Berenji
03/10/22
Prospectus
International conflicts have become more common in today’s world than they used to be. Economic status, intimidating state power, and cultural differences within a particular state have all contributed to the deterioration of this situation. States requested partition as a result of increased awareness, a desire for conflict, and a desire to achieve a more equitable distribution of power. In British India, religious differences exacerbated the division of the country. As a result of the Mountbatten plan, violence, and provincial elections, the British Empire was divided into two countries: Pakistan and India.
In 1947, British India gained independence from the United Kingdom, resulting in the partition of India and Pakistan. Two new countries: Pakistan and India, were formed after this split. Pakistan and Hinduism are separated by the Radcliffe Line, which acts as a line of demarcation. In honor of Sir Cyril Radcliffe, the boundary division chief of India at the time, the area was renamed. West Pakistan and east Pakistan have been created from Pakistan. Conflict in 1946, elections, Mountbatten’s decision to partition, religious differences, and failed attempts to form a federation were all factors that led to the partition. For Syed Ahmed Khan, the unique characteristics of Hindus and Muslims make it impossible for them to coexist in the same country, so he proposes splitting the country up. This is a strong enough argument to back up the idea that there are two distinct nations in the world. Hindus occupy India, while Muslims occupy Pakistan (Josh 181). Communal politics in India feed the flames of animosity between Hindus and Muslims. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, a Muslim leader, was concerned about Hindus gaining control of Pakistan and called for a separate Muslim state to be established.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah put an end to Gandhi’s efforts to end the Muslim-Hindu conflict. When Jinnah delivered his speech, he had the best interests of Muslims at heart. Severe concern was expressed for their social and financial well-being. It is stated that Muslims are free to go to their temples and mosques, “You are free,” by Jinnah. An alternative federal system was proposed, in which provinces would wield considerable power in relation to the federal government. Averting India’s inevitable division was the primary motivation behind this decision. Following a series of failed efforts, India was finally divided. As a result of a Muslim-led movement, British India was covered in Islamic imagery. Islamists organized the public to support them in elections. Muslim voters outnumber those from other religions. Louis Mountbatten chose partition as a solution because the British were preparing to leave India before 1948. This was done to prevent a civil war from erupting as a result of the evacuation. Hindu and Muslim leaders helped the British government expedite the announcement of their departure date by accepting the proposed suggestion of severing their countries. A war was less likely to break out as a result of this outcome. Sylhet and the North-West Frontier Province would be decided by a referendum proposed by Mountbatten. It would be permitted if the majority of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs voted in favor of it. Partition would allow Baluchistan and Sindh to make their own decisions, but it would not allow Bengal to become an independent country. Instead, a boundary commission would be established.
In August 1946, when the Congress was inquired to form an interim government, violence erupted. As a result, deaths occurred and some were misplaced. At the time, India’s Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru backed the creation of a separate Pakistan. The violence fueled Hindu-Muslim animosity. Religion played a significant role in the campaign to split British India into Pakistan and India (Tiwari 5). War, political instability, and secessionist movements were all external factors. The militarism between Pakistan and India is the source of the problems. Despite Hindu and Muslim demands for partition, some Indian National Congress leaders, like Mahatma Gandhi, hoped for a united British India. He argued that since Muslims and Hindus have coexisted peacefully for so long, why should religions split countries? Partition of India affected Delhi, Punjab, Sindh, Bengal, and the Princely States. Delhi has a rich Muslim culture and architecture, as well as a large Muslim population. Refugees fled to the city after the violence. This influenced the government’s decision to allow refugee camps to be built. Following the violence, Hindus outnumber Muslims in Delhi. Punjab was divided into east and west. Muslims lived in the east, while Hindus lived in the west. Muslims who invade west Punjab are killed. Sindh became a Hindu state. Bengal had been partitioned into East Bengal (Pakistan) and West Bengal (India) (India). Princely states were involved in communal violence due to their leaders’ actions. Deaths, riots, displacement of people, the spread of diseases, and insecurity are some of the consequences of partition. A large number of Muslims died as a result of the violence that erupted in 1946. The displaced were refugees in various regions, and they built temporary homes for themselves and their families. People are killed as a result of the spread of contagious diseases. Because of the violence, insecurity issues have gotten worse, and children and women have been raped. Riots erupted in several Indian regions as a result of this. In addition, Muslims came to dominate Pakistan’s political and economic life. Partitioning has resulted in a climate of hostility between Pakistan and India.
A Query for an Investigation
The British agreed to partition India, and China intervened in the British India partitioning. Was the research question? Despite their desire to keep India united, the British were forced to partition it. Freedom of expression, independence, WWII, local allies, and, more specifically, religious freedom were all discussed. The outbreak of WWII bolstered the British case to leave India. The difficulties they faced while ruling India caused them to lose interest in continuing to rule. The British were unable to expand their empire due to economic problems (Major 224). Also, the Indian people had abandoned him, making him unable to rule the country. In addition, the British promised India a political democracy in return for their assistance during the war. This increased demand for two distinct states. Mahatma Gandhi, who fought for Indian independence, used his freedom of speech. The Indian National Congress president advocated nonviolence in response to partition. In his “quit India” speech, he calls for a non-violent British expulsion from the Indian subcontinent. As a result, Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned, increasing Indian nationalism. In the end, the British had to concede on India’s partition.
Decades of growing demand for independence forced the British to abandon their colony, forcing them to leave India. This is influenced by long-standing rivalries between British Indian regions like Delhi and Punjab (Prakash 79). Initially, the British intended to divide and rule India. Nonetheless, the quest for independence continued. They later joined forces to fight the British. Lord Curzon announced in 1905 that Bengal would be partitioned from British India. The British ignored this because they had to share power with Indian commissioners due to the Indian rebellion. Louis Mountbatten helped end British rule in India. He also gave India’s political leaders the option of creating two separate nations through partition. A riot was avoided by the British to avoid escalating the Kashmir conflict. Kashmir is a Muslim-dominated region in northern India. It’s in the north of the country. Due to the terms of the 1947 Instrument of Accession into the Indian Union, Kashmir now belongs to both Pakistan and India. As a result, Kashmir could expand into India and Pakistan. The conflict in Kashmir has claimed many lives. Due to the severity of the conflict, India has requested UN assistance. The UN has ordered both Pakistan and India to withdraw their troops (which did not turn out to be successful). Following the meeting, India accused Pakistan of sparking the Kashmir conflict and other issues in the country. China intervened in the British India partition because of the consequences and the opportunity to gain control of the Indian Ocean and subcontinent due to the British Raj’s hereditary control of the region. So, dissatisfied with the British partitioning of Kashmir, China jumped at the chance to support Pakistan. As a result, they invaded Ladakh in 1962. The military road that runs through the Aksai Chin plateau made infiltration into Ladakh relatively easy. The military road connected western Tibet to Xinjiang because Chinese authority had been established in western Tibet. Building this road also sparked a conflict between China and India. China has thus consolidated its control over the Indian subcontinent’s economy and infrastructure. For decades, China and India have been at odds over Aksai Chin.
Objective of Project
The IR paradigms of liberalism and realism were both present during the partition of India. Realistic thinking is concerned with the relationship between two states. This includes the political system, the people, and the integrity of the country’s borders. Territorial integrity prevents a state from imposing its will on another state through force. When Jinnah divides Muslims from Hindus during India’s partition, he demonstrates realistic expectations (Michael 100). Furthermore, realism helps citizens of British India recognize the significance of their nationalism. As a result, more and more people are calling for a partition. Furthermore, realism advocates for any state to achieve a state of equilibrium in terms of power. As a result, Indians began to ask to share power with the British administrators in charge of the land.
Liberalism is concerned with the rights of citizens to freedom of religion, expression, and movement. In addition, it encompasses democracy and the rights of citizens as fundamental principles. Gandhi advocated liberalism by acknowledging the freedom and rights of Muslims and Hindus, among other things. During elections in British India, liberalism can be seen manifesting itself through voting (Schottli and Pohlmann 8-31). Furthermore, Gandhi encourages people to exercise their right to religious freedom. A request for democratic rule in British India was denied, resulting in a series of protests and riots throughout the country.
In conclusion, religious differences were one of the most crucial and important factors that contributed to India’s partition. While the outbreak of violence in 1946, provincial elections, Mountbatten’s decision to partition, religious differences, and failed attempts to form a federation were all factors that contributed to the partition majorly

Work Cited
Josh, Baghwan. “Partition And The Rise Of Hindutva Movement In Contemporary India.” Revista Canaria De Estudios Ingleses, no. 76, 2018, pp. 175-195.?University Of La Laguna, https://doi.org/10.25145/j.recaesin.2018.76.13.
Major, Andrea. “British Humanitarian Political Economy And Famine In India, 1838?1842”.?Journal Of British Studies, vol 59, no. 2, 2020, pp. 221-244.?Cambridge University Press (CUP), https://doi.org/10.1017/jbr.2019.293.
Michael, Arndt. “Realist-Constructivism And The India-Pakistan Conflict: A New Theoretical Approach For An Old Rivalry .”Asian Politics & Policy, vol 10, no. 1, 2018, pp. 100-114.?Wiley, https://doi.org/10.1111/aspp.12365.
Prakash, Bodh. “Nation, Nationalism And The Partition Of India Two Moments From Hindi Fiction.” Revista Canaria De Estudios Ingleses, no. 76, 2018, pp. 77-89.?University Of La Laguna, https://doi.org/10.25145/j.recaesin.2018.76.06.
Schottli, Jivanta, and Markus Pohlmann. “India Inc. And Globalization: The Rise Of Neo-Liberalism And A Transnational Managerial Elite?”.?India Review, vol 18, no. 1, 2019, pp. 8-31.?Informa UK Limited, https://doi.org/10.1080/14736489.2019.1576985.
Tiwari, Sapna. “Religious And Cultural Differences And Youth Of India In The Novels Of Chetan Bhagat .”SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, vol 1, no. 1, 2013, p. 5.?Smart Moves, https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v1i1.2.