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https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2017/08/why-cities-flood/538251/

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/nbcblk/tenants-no-choice-racism-urban-planning-fuels-high-rate-black-fire-dea-rcna11986

https://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/The-renewed-environmental-justice-movement-is-16558247.php

Please Read the articles above in relation to City Planning and Social Justice and write to the best of your ability the following essay.

Purpose: To write an essay that develops logical and effective organization of ideas and a conclusion that opens up the argument to wider application; develop well-qualified claims with reasons and with evidence that are appropriate to the audience.

Assignment: Write a multi-paragraph proposal essay on the topic you?ve been researching about ( City Planning & Social Justice.) You will provide a detailed description of your proposal and clear reasons why it should be adopted. However, you will not only be providing one proposed solution to the problem you describe for your readers: you will provide two solutions?no more, no less?then choose one and make an argument for why you believe it will work best. Use rhetorical appeals (ethos, pathos, logos) to both prove that the problem needs addressing and to argue for your preferred solution.

Audience: People or politicians who live and/or work for the area you?re focusing on who are interested in your topic.

Constraints: The essay should not be less than 1250 words in MLA format. The upper limit is 1800 words. The works cited page should be included on a separate page at the end of the essay and does not count toward the word count requirement.

NB: Please refer to File attached for further details.Blake Carpenter
ENG 1302
Spring 2022
Proposal Essay

Due Dates
Peer Review Draft Due: Tuesday 4/19 – Bring 4 typed, printed copies of your essay to class with you
Final Draft Due: Tuesday 4/26 – Due on BlackBoard before class

Purpose: to write an essay that develops logical and effective organization of ideas and a conclusion that opens up the argument to wider application; develop well-qualified claims with reasons and with evidence that are appropriate to the audience.

Assignment: Write a multi-paragraph proposal essay on the topic you?ve been researching and writing about in your annotated bibliography and synthesis essay. You will provide a detailed description of your proposal and clear reasons why it should be adopted. However, you will not only be providing one proposed solution to the problem you describe for your readers: you will provide two solutions?no more, no less?then choose one and make an argument for why you believe it will work best. Use rhetorical appeals (ethos, pathos, logos) to both prove that the problem needs addressing and to argue for your preferred solution.

Basic Outline:
I.The first paragraph should introduce the problem you?ll be writing about. It?s often good to use pathos or ethos in the intro to help your reader make a connection with the issue. You may also want to introduce other things (not everything) such as sources.
II.The second paragraph should prove to the reader that this is a genuine problem for society. Give the reader any background information they may need to fully understand the problem. Logos will be your best friend here; combine it with ethos and you?ll be set (think of the third paragraph in Naomi Klein?s essay ?We are the Wildfire? from TS/IS). You will also want to specify what community you are focusing on. Groups like humans, or even Americans, are too broad.
III.The third and forth paragraph will introduce your two potential proposals. What is their main claim? Use evidence to back up the respective claims.
IV.State which proposed solution you believe would best address the problem at hand. This section should start with a claim, and its evidence can be assessment of the evidence you presented in favor of the respective proposals in the previous paragraphs. Is there a flaw in one?s reasoning? Does one solution address a symptom of the problem while the other addresses its root cause? Is one more likely to receive funding? You decide the criteria for your chosen solution, and that will inform both your claim and evidence/assessment.
V.The conclusion will look towards the future; what are the next steps that should be taken to make your proposal happen? You can voice a call-to-action here and/or present a more complicated claim a la Naomi Klein.
VI.Works Cited Page

Sources: You will include at least 5 sources in this paper. You are encouraged to use the same sources from your annotated bib and/or synthesis essay. Or, if needed, you can use new sources from the data bases, or reputable publications like The Houston Chronicle.

Audience: People or politicians who live and/or work for the area you?re focusing on who are interested in your topic.

Constraints: The essay should not be less than 1250 words in MLA format. The upper limit is 1800 words. The works cited page should be included on a separate page at the end of the essay and does not count toward the word count requirement.

Grading Criteria:
?a clear thesis
?an engaging introduction
?a logical and effective organization of ideas in the form of a proposal
?Focused paragraphs
?effective use of sources
?a conclusion that opens up the argument to wider application
?sentences that are relatively free from error so that the meaning is understandable
?a works cited page