THE WELFARE SYSTEM
The purpose of this speech is twofold: a) you are asked to research an area that is of
interest to you and to your audience; and b) you are asked to examine this research and
decide what information would be of particular benefit for your audience. As you
prepare your speech, remind yourself of the distinction we have discussed between
informative and persuasive presentations. Be aware of your intentions, which should be
reflected in your specific purpose and central idea/thesis statement.
TYPES OF INFORMATIVE SPEECHES
An informative speech is essentially a lecture. It is intended simply to inform your
audience on some topic. Remember, students hear informative speeches all day long in
your class, as teachers and professors stand up front and lecture on various subjects. Your
teachers are trying to inform you, and their lectures are essentially informative speeches.
This informative speech can be about an:
? Visual aids are optional.
3-5 minutes (You must time your speech prior to presenting)!
Extemporaneous; you may use (3) 4 x 6 note cards (as a guide) only, do not speak from a
sheet of paper. You will be required to hand in a complete, well organized outline
and any other notes or supplements to the outline that you use during delivery of the
speech at the time of your presentation.
In the introduction of your speech you want to accomplish the following three tasks: 1)
Get the attention and interest of your audience; 2) reveal the purpose and topic of your
speech ? thesis statement; and 3) establish credibility with your audience members.
Be creative ? experiment with different ideas for getting the audience?s attention.
Provide Reasons and Examples and make sure your main points are well selected and
supported. Additionally, please use transitional words. Please keep in mind that all
supported material should be appropriate!
Use a variety of supporting material in your speech, and try to balance the types of
materials you use (e.g., don?t limit yourself to facts and statistics ? incorporate testimony,
narratives, and example as well.) Informative speaking requires a good deal of research,
and this research should be incorporated into the text of the speech as you cite the sources
of your information. Always go to the primary source of the research (i.e., the document
in which the research or statistic was originally published) and avoid secondary sources
of published research, such as popular magazines. You must cite 1-3 credible sources
within the course of your speech, of which no more than one may be Internet-based.
(Online periodicals and newspapers will not count as Internet-based.)
Your choice of language will be factored into your grade. Use language to build your
credibility as a speaker by choosing language that is clear, concise, concrete, vivid, and
exciting. Make sure your language choices reflect your cultural sensitivity and ethical
responsibility as a speaker. Speak with conviction!
Make sure you transition from the body of your speech. In the conclusion of your speech
you want to accomplish the following three tasks: 1) alert the audience that the speech is
ending; 2) summarize your main ideas; 3) satisfying conclusion that relates back to