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Literature Review* (3-4 pages) (20% of total grade)
Your goal is to locate sources, at least six scholarly articles in peer-reviewed
journals, that represent a range of approaches or perspectives on the research
question that you select.
After locating your sources, you should summarize for yourself where the
sources present similar and overlapping information and where they present
unique findings or conflicting results.
Your literature review should consist of an Introduction, Body, and
Conclusion. It should tie very closely with your Statement of the Problem
that you submitted as your first assignment.
The Introduction sets the stage for the rest of your Literature Review and
serves as a map to guide the reader as to what will be covered. It examines the
magnitude of the problem you have selected, and then it narrows to become
more specific with respect to how the literature in your review relates to your
selected problem.
The Body of the literature review is the bulk of the review. It should be organized
thematically, or according to topics and subtopics, rather than chronologically (by
date of each research article). The Body of your paper should go beyond simply
summarizing each article in succession. Instead, it should provide an integrated
analysis of the articles? perspectives on the topic at hand indicating where there
are points of overlap and agreement, where there are differences in the Methods
or Results, and where particular articles address aspects of the issue that are not

addressed by the others. For example, if you have read through scientific articles
that are similar in their subject matter and perspective, then synthesize the
findings from those articles in one paragraph rather than three separate
paragraphs, and cite the articles together in succession.
For the body of your literature review, be sure to do the following:
? Create headings for subtopics. Make sure that you organize your
literature review by subtopic.
? Focus on peer-reviewed, scholarly research articles.
? Make the relationship between your research topic and the articles you
choose very strong. Make sure that your articles adequately address your
particular research topic and are relevant to that topic.
? Make sure to draw connections between research articles. What makes
them similar or different from one another?
Finally, the Summary synthesizes and condenses findings, often with no
citations. Rather than repeating the findings of the literature review point by
point, the Summary should broadly summarize the review as a whole, and
perhaps suggest future directions for the body of research that has been
reviewed. (For example, perhaps the literature review focused on smoking
cessation in young adult smokers. A potential gap discovered through this
research was that very little work has been done on using web-based techniques
to address smoking in young adults. This topic could be a direction for future
Note that the literature review should address your research topic, and it will be
an important foundation for the methodology section.