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3000 words in total:

The essay is for ?introduction to social theory? class. I?m not sure if ?sociology? is the correct subject area for my order. It is about postcolonial theory and the problem of climate change in the global south. The aim of the assignment is to operationalise the inquiry of the social theory in a particular area and show its strengths and weaknesses. The essay will relate postcolonial theory with climate change and international law, and human rights. It is going to talk about post colonial theory, climate change international law, global inequalities and their consequences of climate change. How the human rights discourse might actually aid addressing these inequalities. And then explore how post colonial ideas might then dialog with this problem.

Please follow this essay plan. The essay will be divided into 4 sections:

Section 1 will be about post colonial theory (500 words). It will set out postcolonial theory that the essay is going to engage with.

Section 2 will set out the research problem which is climate change in the global south and in relation to international climate change law (UNFCCC) (500 words).

Section 3 will be about how the postcolonial theory and the research problem (being climate change and UNFCCC) relate to one another (1000 words). In this section, please write about what does postcolonial theory enable us to do with the research problem? How does it enable us to think about the research problem in relation to the concrete research issues raised in the essay, which includes international law and the scholarship around international law in this area.
Also, please write about human rights here to explore why human rights might be a useful addition to the paradigms that the essay is exploring. In particular, the use of human rights for the defense of low and middle income counties interests in a postcolonial situation that actually the discourse of human rights and its universalism actually can be termed into an instrument that holds the global north on its own terms because the human rights discourse originates in the global north and it is therefore a strategic and useful tool to press the global north to meet their practical and ethical obligations towards the global south in relation to climate change.

Also, you can use the work of Edward Said to point out the fact that climate change still has its ?others?; climate change in the north is still something more abstract because it isn?t something that is experienced in the same way in the south and so it can become ?othered? in a way that Said describes orientalism. Those who experience climate change in the most severe ways are somewhere south of the equator or on the equator to the global north and it remains an othering discourse. And until we breakdown the othering, it is arguable that these global inequalities in climate change will remain. And it is actually then you can come back to human rights and say ?this is where human rights might actually be strategically useful because they are universal and there is a discourse that comes with the north, it demands things of the world and of the global north. And it might be a vehicle for holding the global north to account for the consequences of their use of energy, with historically and today?.

Section 4 is an evaluative section (1000 words). It asks about the consequences of the arguments made in the essay. What are the consequences of the arguments in the essay for the research, what are their strengths and their limitations? what does it mean for what the essay is able to investigate and what will the essay won?t be able to investigate. So identify the limitations and strengths effectively of the approach of using the theory when it is operationalised, when it is actually turned into a concrete research project and goes beyond being a conceptual level argument and engagement. The strength of postcolonial theory, human rights and international law is that they are better at looking at structural problems. They are addressing structural features of the worlds and of societies and the relationship between them such as structural inequalities and telling a story about historical exploitation that has contemporary consequences that includes continued exploitation and inequality. post colonial theory also is able to talk to us about how subjectivities of those who are colonized the way people see themselves is affected by the values of the colonizers and of the global north. So in effect the colonized start to evaluate themselves in relation to the values of the colonial power rather than in relation to the values that they either do or used to hold in their own societies. The limitation of these paradigms is that they explore less is what is happening in the lives of the people who are affected by these structural issues because it does not have the tools to actually investigate the concrete experiences of people how they are affected by climate change.

Please also write that there are other theories that would be more effective for the non-structural issues. For example that the non-structural issues of climate change could be investigated perhaps through more interpretive approaches like those of Goffman and some of the ideas that Weber speaks about ?verstehen? and seeking to understand the meaning of social action. Perhaps more qualitative ethnographic approaches that use these sort of interruptive theory could enable us to investigate the livd realties and consequences of these structural problems in relation to climate change. So in short, this section can say ? well the approach leans towards a structural inquiry about structured inequalities in the global legal and regulatory frameworks that govern climate change and our response to it. But it doesn?t tell us much about the lived consequences of these structural inequalities and issues. And to investigate those one would?? and then you could set out some brief suggestions about other theories and you don?t have to do that in great detail.

So the argument that is very straight forward to make in postcolonial theory is that the global north extracted vast wealth and industrialized itself on the back of its colonies. It is part of that process the colonial countries industrialized and produced enormous amount of carbon emissions, deforestation, natural resource plundering, and in our contemporary post industrial societies build on this exploitation and are current climate change crisis is indistinguishable from this history, it is a consequences of this history and that is what postcolonial theory can do and it can then usefully be related to human rights and to law to the legal conventions and obligations that exist, and could also be imagined in the future. It can frame the investigation of the consequences of climate change, but it doesn?t tell us about the specific human situations, like for example, the situation in in Madagascar where the increase in tropical storms is having a devastating effect on the infrastructure, the agriculture, the economy and the lives of those that live in Madagascar. It can tell us something about the history of why that situation is happening now, but of we want to investigate what is going on in Madagascar right now, postcolonial theory will only give us the background. However, the limitation is that if we want to explore the lived experiences of people, then we would need a different set of conceptual theories for that. (please note that Madagascar is only used here to exemplify what I mean by lived experiences, this country is not central to the inquiry of this essay).